HYPOGLYCEMIA

Hypoglycemia or low glucose is disorder that outcomes from low glucose. The seriousness and manifestations of hypoglycemia can change from individual to individual. Blood tests can analyze low glucose, and indications settle when the dimensions of sugar in the blood come back to the typical range. The therapeutic term for glucose is blood glucose.

SYMPTOMS

As hypoglycemia declines, signs and indications may include:

  • Exceesive Sweating
  • Weakness
  • Pale skin
  • Nervousnes
  • Shivering sensation around the mouth
  • Shouting out amid rest
  • Disarray, anomalous conduct or both, for example, the failure to finish routine errands
  • Visual aggravations, for example, obscured vision
  • Loss of awareness
  •  hypoglycemia may show up as though they’re inherited .
  • Change in Behavior(Such as being aggrresive)

RISK FACTOR OF HYPOGLYCEMIA

  • This can occur if a meal is delayed after an insulin injection or sulphonylurea has been given and has started to be effective
  • The carbohydrate portion of the meal is smaller than required by the dose of insulin given
  • The insulin works too rapidly because it was injected into a muscle instead of subcutaneous fat
  • Too high a dose of insulin or oral hypoglycaemic agents was given
  • The wrong insulin was given. If rapid-acting insulin is given instead of long-acting insulin, as the large dose at bedtime without food, sudden hypoglycaemia will occur within an hour or so at the beginning of the night

    You’ve high risk of Hypoglycemia if you’re

    • Older agehypoglycemia

    • Short life expectancy

    • Increased duration of diabetes

    • Previous history of severe hypoglycemia

    • Antecedent hypoglycemia

    • Sleep

    • Recent or frequent hospitalizations

      Mechanical ventilation

    • Low caloric intake

    • Delayed or missed meals

    • Lack of synchronization between meal timing and prand

    • ial insulin

    • Renal failure

    • Congestive heart failure

    • Hepatic failure

    • Sepsis

    • Malignancy

At the point when to see a specialist

  • Look for a specialist’s assistance promptly if:
  • You have what might be indications of hypoglycemia and you don’t have diabetes.
  • You have diabetes and hypoglycemia isn’t reacting to treatment. Introductory treatment of hypoglycemia is drinking juice or normal soda pops, eating sweets or taking glucose tablets. In the event that this treatment doesn’t raise your glucose and improve your manifestations, contact your specialist immediately.ss
  • anybody with diabetes or a past filled with repeating hypoglycemia has side effects of extreme hypoglycemia or loses awareness

TREATMENT

Treatment of symptom involves:

  • Immediate initial treatment to lift your glucose level
  • Treatment of the underlying condition that is inflicting your symptom to prevent it from revenant
  • if a person is unconscious or unable to swallow safely, glucose should not be given orally (this includes rubbing glucose gel or honey on the inside of the cheek). The priority is not to increase the blood glucose levels but to maintain a patent airway.
  • Young children usually need less than 15 grams of carbs to fix a low blood glucose level: Infants may need 6 grams, toddlers may need 8 grams, and small children may need 10 grams. This needs to be individualized for the patient, so discuss the amount needed with your diabetes team
  • If you have diabetes, carefully follow the diabetes management plan you and your doctor have developed.
  • If you’re taking new medications, changing your eating or medication schedules, or adding new exercise, talk to your doctor about how these changes might affect your diabetes management and your risk of low blood sugar.
  • A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) is an option for some people, particularly those with hypoglycemia unawareness. These devices insert a tiny wire under the skin that can send blood glucose readings to a receiver.

 

  • If you don’t have diabetes but have recurring episodes of hypoglycemia, eating frequent small meals throughout the day . Work with your doctor to identity and treat the underlying cause of hypoglycemia.

 

 

 

 

 

4 thoughts on “what is hypoglycemia ?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *