DKD (DIABETIC KIDNEY DISEASE)
When a person’s kidney is affected due to diabetes it is called Diabetic kidney Disease. About 1 out of 4 adults with diabetes has kidney disease.
The another name of DKD is chronic kidney disease,( CKD ) kidney disease of diabetes, or diabetic nephropathy.
FACTS OF DIABETIC KIDNEY DISEASE
- About 20 million Americans suffer from some sort of peripheral neuropathy.
- People with type 2 diabetes more likely to have diabetic neuropathy and pain due to complications than type 1 diabetics.
- Research shows that having a body mass index greater than 24 puts you at a higher risk for diabetes complications in general.
- Diabetic kidney disease usually causes no symptoms until at least 75 percent of your kidneys’ function is lost.
- continuos high blood pressure
- Swelling of the hands, feet, and face.
- Trouble sleeping or concentrating.
- Itching (end-stage excretary organ) and very dry skin.
- Drowsiness (end-stage kidney disease)
To determine whether you have diabetic kidney disease, you may need certain tests and procedures, such as:
- Blood tests. If you have diabetes, you will need blood tests to monitor your condition and determine how well your kidneys are working.
- Urine tests. Urine samples provide information about your kidney function and whether you have too much protein in the urine.
- Imaging tests. Your doctor may use X-rays and ultrasound to assess your kidneys’ structure and size. You may also undergo CT scanning and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine how well blood is circulating within your kidneys.
- Renal function testing. Your doctor can assess your kidneys’ filtering capacity using renal analysis testing.
- Kidney biopsy. Your doctor may recommend a kidney biopsy to remove a sample of kidney tissue. You will be given a local anesthetic. Then your doctor will use a thin needle to extract small pieces of kidney tissue for examination under a microscope.
CAUSES OF DIABETIC KIDNEY DISEASE
- When the blood vessels are damaged due to high blood sugar .
- exceesive smoking
- If you don’t follow the proper eating plan when you’re diabetic
- If you have family history of kidney failure.
- You’ve high risk for DKD If you’ve high blood preasure.
- You’ve high risk for DKD If you eat more salt in food
- You’ve high risk for DKD If you’re not active.
- You’ve high risk for DKD If you’ve any heart disease
- You’ve high risk for DKD If You’ve type 2 diabetes
- You’ve high risk for DKD If You’ve type 1 daibetes for more than 5 years.
- Healthy lifestyle habits and taking your medicines as prescribed can help you To treat Diabetic kidney disease.
- To maintain blood sugar level by routine cheackup and proper treatment
- to maintain blood pressure
- Stop completely smoking
- Get enough sleep (7- 8 hour sleep each night)
- regular exercise or Yoga
- Cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins are used to treat high cholesterol and reduce protein in the urine.
- Medications can often reduce the level of the protein albumin in the urine and improve kidney function.
- vegetables and whole fruits: all kinds, which are high in antioxidants, fiber, vitamins, and essential electrolytes like minerals and potassium
- wild-caught fish: omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil benefit diabetics by lowering triglycerides and apoproteins that raise risk for diabetic complications.
- Drink six to eight eight-ounce glasses of water each day to stay hydrated, plus fill up on more fiber-rich and water-rich foods like fresh veggies and fruit to feel satisfied on less
- Physical therapy can also be helpful because it increases muscle strength, mobility and daily functioning.
- Essential oils to help dull pain and lower inflammation, including peppermint, lavender and frankincens.