Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by a lack of insulin. Insulin helps cells in the body convert sugar into energy. When the pancreas cannot make enough insulin, sugar starts to build up in the blood, causing life-threatening complications. Individuals with type 1 diabetes must take some form of insulin for the rest of their lives. Nutrients in food are changed into a sugar called glucose. Type 1 diabetes affects about 1 in 400 children, adolescents, and young adults under 20 years of age. Currently, once diagnosed, type 1 diabetes is a lifelong disease that cannot be cured.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are all based on the fact that there is high blood sugar. The symptoms include:
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
- Lethargy, fatigue, and drowsiness
- Blurred vision
- Sudden weight loss
- Increased appetite, hunger
Reason Of type 1 diabetes
- The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. But in most people with type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses (When a virus invades the body, the immune system starts to produce antibodies that fight the infection. T cells are in charge of making the antibodies, and then they also help in fighting the virus. However, if the virus has some of the same antigens as the beta cells—the cells that make insulin in the pancreas—then the T cells can actually turn against the beta cells. The T cell products (antibodies) can destroy the beta cells, and once all the beta cells in your body have been destroyed, you can’t produce enough insulin.) — mistakenly destroys insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. Genetics and environmental factors appear to play a role in this process.
- Before anyone can get Type 1 diabetes, they need to have the genetic background even though there may be no-one in the family with diabetes.
Treatment Of type 1 diabetes
- Monitoring Blood Glucose Level Regularly
- The beta cells repairing herbs enhance the functionally of the pancreas rather than pressurizing the already damaged pancreas.
- People with type 1 diabetes who are having a kidney transplant from a donor may also be offered a pancreas transplant at the same time. Pancreas transplants are complicated operations and, like other types of major surgery, there’s a risk of complications
- avoid dangerous spikes and dips in their blood sugar.
- Exercise helps move sugar into your cells without using insulin, so it’s an important way to help manage your diabetes.
- your diet should favor non-starchy veggies like greens, carrots, and broccoli. You’ll need to limit carbohydrates like potatoes and pasta, and sweets like cake. Get your protein from lean, low-fat sources like chicken, fish, and beans and legumes. Your