September 22, 2020

what is diabetic foot



Diabetic foot is one amongst the foremost common, costly and severe complications of diabetes. Amputation in folks with diabetes is ten to twenty times a lot of common than in folks while not diabetes and it’s estimated that eachthirty seconds a lower limb or a part of a lower limb is lost somewhere within the world as a consequence of diabetes.

Diabetic foot may result in a crucial economic, social, and public health burden; especially in low-income communities, if there’s neither associate degree acceptable instructional programme, nor adequate and appropriate footwear


People with diabetes are at increased risk for problems with the feet some symptoms related to diabetic fooe are given below:-

  • Cracking of the skin of the feet, especially the heels, due to dry skin
  • Diabetes  can lower the amount of blood flow in your feet.
  • Hammertoes, or bent toes due to muscle weakness.
  • Fungal infections of the nails, which can appear as thickened, discolored, and at times brittle nails.
  • enough blood flowing to your legs and feet can make it hard for a sore or an infection to heal.
  • Charcot’s foot may start with redness, warmth, and swelling.
  • It may develop due to abnormal alignment of the feet or abnormal weight


Common risk factors for the development of foot ulcers in diabetics include:

  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Neuropathy
  • Poor glycemic control
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Previous foot ulcerations/amputations


Treatment depends upon the type of foot problem treatment some cases given below:-

  • Diabetic socks or thick padded socks should be worn inside shoes that fit properly and offer good support.
  • For some conditions like hammertoes, bunions, and ingrown toenails surgery may be necessary to correct severe cases.
  • Keeping blood sugar levels under control (in the ranges advised by your doctor), and following your recommended diet and exercise program are the best way to prevent all complications of diabetes, including foot problem.
  • Don’t walk barefoot, even at home always use slippers while walking.
  • Be sure your feet do not get burned by walking on very hot pavement in summer
  • Check your feet daily for any sores or problems.
  • Always wash your feet with warm water and dry them well after washing.


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