Diabetes and Foot Problems

In this section:

How can diabetes affect my ft?
What can I do to preserve my ft healthy?
When have to I see my fitness care company approximately foot troubles?

Clinical Trials

Foot troubles are not unusual to place in humans with diabetes. You are probably afraid you’ll lose a toe, foot, or leg to diabetes or recognize a person who has. However, you could decrease your probability of getting diabetes-associated foot troubles by looking after your ft each day. Managing your blood glucose levels, additionally known as blood sugar, also can assist preserve your ft healthy.

How can diabetes affect my ft?

Person in Gray Sweater Holding Black Textile

Over time, diabetes can also add purpose nerve harm, also known as diabetic neuropathy, that could purpose tingling and ache and make you lose feeling for your ft. When you lose feeling for your ft, you can now no longer experience a pebble inner your sock or a blister in your foot that may result in cuts and sores. Cuts and sores can turn out to be infected.

Diabetes can also decrease the quantity of blood glide for your ft. Not having sufficient blood flowing for your legs and feet could make it difficult to heal a sore or contamination. Sometimes, awful contamination in no way heals. The contamination would possibly result in gangrene.

Gangrene and foot ulcers that don’t get higher with remedy can result in an amputation of your toe, foot, or a part of your leg. A healthcare professional can also additionally carry out an amputation to save you awful contamination from spreading to your body’s relaxation and store your lifestyles. Good foot care may be essential to keep you from severe infections and gangrene.

Person in Brown Pants Sitting on Brown Wooden Chair on Gray Sand

Although rare, nerve harm from diabetes can result in modifications withinside the form of your ft, consisting of Charcot’s foot. Charcot’s foot can also begin with redness, warm temperature, and swelling. Later, bones for your ft and feet can shift or break, which may purpose your ft to have a peculiar form, consisting of a “rocker bottom.”

Illustration of Charcot’s foot displaying an enlarged sole with a rounded form.
Charcot’s foot can purpose your ft to have a peculiar form, consisting of a “rocker bottom.”

What can I do to preserve my ft healthy?

Work together along with your fitness care group to make a diabetes self-care plan, which is a movement plan for the way you may manipulate your diabetes. Your project has to encompass foot care. A foot physician, additionally known as a podiatrist, and different professionals can be a part of your fitness care group.

Include those steps for your foot care plan:

Tips to Take Care of Your Feet

1. Check your ft each day.
2. Wash your ft each day.
3. Smooth corns and calluses gently.
4. Trim your toenails instantly across.
5. Wear footwear and socks in any respect times.
6. Protect your ft from warm and cold.
7. Keep the blood flowing for your ft.
8. Get a foot test at each fitness care go to.
9. Check your ft each day

You can also additionally have foot troubles; however, experience no ache for your ft. Checking your ft every day will assist you to notice problems early earlier than they get worse. A proper manner to consider is to test your ft every night while taking off your footwear. Also, test among your feet. If you’ve got a problem bending over to peer your ft, strive to use a reflects to examine them or ask a person else to study your ft.

Look for troubles consisting of

1. cuts, sores, or crimson spots
2. swelling or fluid-stuffed blisters
3. ingrown toenails, wherein the brink of your nail grows into your pores and skin
4. corns or calluses, which can be spots of problematic pores and skin because of an excessive amount of rubbing or stress at the equal spot
5. plantar warts, which can be flesh-colored growths on the lowest of theft
6. athlete’s foot
7. heat spots
8. Someone checking the lowest in their naked foot.

Suppose you’ve got sure foot troubles that make it much more likely you may expand a sore in your foot. In that case, your physician can also suggest taking the pores and skin temperature on distinctive components of your ft. A “warm spot” may be the primary signal that a blister or an ulcer starts.

Person Jogging

Cover a blister, reduce, or sore with a bandage. Smooth corns and calluses as defined below.

1. Wash your ft each day
2. Wash your ft with cleaning soap in heat, now no longer warm, water. Test the water to make sure it isn’t too warm. You can use a thermometer (90° to 95° F is safe) or your elbow to check the warm temperature of the water. Do now no longer soak your feet because your pores and skin get too dry.

Photo of a person’s naked foot with palms analyzing the feet.

3. After washing and drying your ft, position talcum powder or cornstarch among your feet. Skin among the feet tends to live moistly. The powder will preserve the pores and skin dry to assist save you from contamination.

Smooth corns and calluses gently.

Upset ethnic woman embracing knees on bed

Thick patches of pores and skin known as corns or calluses can develop at theft. If you’ve got corns or calluses, speak with your foot physician in approximately the quality manner to take care of those foot troubles. If you’ve got nerve harm, those patches can turn out to be ulcers.

Photo of a lady smoothing the lowest of her foot with a pumice stone.
If your physician tells you to, use a pumice stone to ease corns and calluses after bathing or showering. A pumice stone is a rock used to reduce the pores and skin. Rub gently, handiest in a single direction, to keep away from tearing the pores and skin.


1. reduce corns and calluses
2. use corn plasters, which can be medicated pads
3. use liquid corn and callus removers
4. Cutting and over-the-counter corn elimination merchandise can harm your pores and skin and purpose contamination.

Unrecognizable masseuse therapist giving feet massage to anonymous female client lying on table with legs on towel in spa on blurred background

To preserve your pores and skin quickly and soft, rub a skinny coat of lotion, cream, or petroleum jelly at your feet’ tops and bottoms. So now, no more extended position lotion or cream among your feet due to the fact moistness would possibly purpose the contamination.

Trim your toenails instantly across

Trim your toenails, while needed, when you wash and dry your ft. Using toenail clippers, trim your toenails instantly across. Do now no longer reduce into the corners of your toenail. Gently easy every nail with an emery board or non-sharp nail file. Trimming this manner saves you from reducing your pores and skin and keeps the pins from developing into your pores and skin.


Have a foot physician trim your toenails if


1. you can not see, experience, or attain your ft
2. your toenails are thick or yellowed
3. your nails curve and develop into the pores and skin
4. If you need to get a pedicure at a salon, you have to deliver your nail gear to save you getting contamination. You can ask your fitness care company what different steps you could take in the salon to save you contamination.

Wear footwear and socks in any respect times

Wear footwear and socks in any respect times. Do now no longer stroll barefoot or in only stockings, even while indoors. You ought to step on something and harm your ft. You might not experience any ache and might not recognize which you break.

Check the inner of your footwear earlier than placing them on to make the liner easy and free from pebbles or different objects.

Photo of a person feeling inner his shoe.

Cute purebred dog waiting for male owner wearing shoes at home
Make sure you put on socks, stockings, or nylons together with your footwear to prevent getting blisters and sores. Choose clean, gently padded socks that match nicely. Socks without seams are quality.

Wear footwear that matches nicely and defend your ft. Here are a few recommendations for locating the right sort of footwear:

Walking footwear and athletic footwear are proper for everyday put on. They guide your ft and permit them to “breathe.”

Do now no longer put on vinyl or plastic footwear due to the fact they do now no longer stretch or “breathe.”

When shopping for footwear, ensure they experience proper and feature sufficient room in your feet. Buy footwear on the give up of the day, while your ft are the largest, so you can locate the quality match.

If you’ve got got a bunion, or hammertoes, which can be feet that curl beneath neath your ft, you can want extra-huge or deep footwear.1 Do now no longer put on footwear with pointed feet or excessive heels because they positioned an excessive amount of stress in your feet.
If your ft have modified form, consisting of Charcot’s foot, you can want unique footwear or shoe inserts, known as orthotics. You can also want inserts when you have bunions, hammertoes, or different foot troubles.

When breaking in new footwear, handiest put them on for some hours initially, after which test your ft for regions of soreness.

Medicare Part B coverage External hyperlinks and different medical insurance applications can also additionally assist pay for that unique footwear or inserts. Ask your coverage plan if it covers your special footwear or inserts.

Protect your ft from warm and cold

If you’ve got nerve harm from diabetes, you can burn your fat and now no longer recognize you did. Take the subsequent steps to defend your ft from heat:

Person Standing on Shores

1. Wear footwear at the seaside and on warm pavement.
2. Put sunscreen at the tops of your ft to save you sunburn.
3. Keep your ft far from warmers and open fires.
4. Do now no longer position a warm water bottle or heating pad in your ft.
5. Wear socks on the mattress in case your ft get cold. Put on lined, water-proof boots to preserve your ft heat and dry in the winter.

Keep the blood flowing for your ft.

Try the subsequent recommendations to enhance blood glide for your ft:

1. Put your ft up while you are sitting.
2. Wiggle your feet for a couple of minutes during the day. Move your ankles up and down and inside and outside to assist blood glide for your ft and legs.

Photo of a man sitting reading a book with his feet resting on footstool.
3. Do now no longer put on tight socks or elastic stockings. Do now no longer attempt to preserve up-free socks with rubber bands.
4. Be extra bodily active. Choose clean sports in your ft, consisting of strolling, dancing, yoga or stretching, swimming, or motor motorcycle riding.
5. Stop smoking.
6. Smoking can decrease the quantity of blood glide for your ft. If you smoke, ask for assistance to stop. You can get help by calling the country-wide quitline at 1-800-QUIT NOW or 1-800-784-8669. For recommendations on quitting, visit SmokeFree.gov External hyperlink.

Get a foot test at each fitness care go to

Photo of a doctor examining someone’s bare feet.
Ask your fitness care group to test your ft at every go to. Take off your footwear and socks while you’re withinside the examination room so they’ll consider trying your ft. At least as soon as a year, get a radical foot examination, such as a test of the sensation and pulses for your ft.

Get a radical foot examination at every fitness care go to when you have

1. modifications withinside the form of your ft
2. lack of feeling for your ft
3. peripheral artery disease
4. had foot ulcers or an amputation withinside the past1
5. Ask your fitness care group to expose you to a way to take care of your ft.

When have to I see my fitness care company approximately foot troubles?

Call your fitness care company proper away when you have a reduce, blister, or bruise in your foot that doesn’t begin to heal after some days
pores and skin in your foot that will become crimson, heat, or painful—symptoms and symptoms of a probable contamination a callus with dried blood inner of it, which regularly may be the primary signal of a wound beneath neath the callus afoot contamination that will become black and smelly—symptoms and symptoms you would possibly have gangrene
Ask your company to refer you to a foot physician, or podiatrist, if needed.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and different additives of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) behavior and guide studies into many sicknesses and conditions.

What are medical trials, and are they proper for you?

Clinical trials are a part of medical studies and on the coronary heart of all scientific advances. Clinical trials study new methods to save you, detect, or deal with the disease. Researchers also use medical trials to analyze different care factors, consisting of enhancing the first-rate lifestyles for humans with continual illnesses. Find out if medical trials are proper for your NIH outside hyperlink.

What are medical trials open?

Clinical trials that are currently open and recruiting may be considered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov NIH outside hyperlink.

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