what is gestational diabetes mellitus?

gestational diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is high blood glucose that develops throughout maternity and frequently disappears once giving birth. … It happens if your body cannot turn out enough insulin – a hormone that helps manage blood glucose levels – to fulfill the additional wants in pregnancy.

GDM(Gestational Diabetes Mellitus) the leading cause of diabetes in pregnancy affected about 21 million live births.

One in 7 births is affected by Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. The proportion of women with GDM is 85.1%. Proportion of women with diabetes first detected in pregnancy is 7.4%. Proportion of woman with Diabetes detected prior to pregnancy is 7.5 %

Symptoms Of Gestational Diabetes

Most women with have gestational diabetes have no symptoms, though a few may experience

  • Sugar in urine (revealed in a test done in your doctor’s office)
  • Unusual thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea.
  • Frequent vaginal, bladder, and skin infections.
  • Blurred vision.

Risk Factor Of Gestational Diabetes

  • You have a higher risk to gestational diabetes if you’ve crossed 25 age
  • Your risk of developing gestational diabetes increases if you have prediabetes — slightly elevated blood sugar
  • You’re also more likely to develop gestational diabetes if you had it during a previous pregnancy, if you delivered a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds (4.1 kilograms) or if you had an unexplained stillbirth
  • You’re more likely to develop gestational diabetes if you’re significantly overweight
  • a family history of type 2 diabetes

Treatment Of Gestational Diabetes


  • Choose foods high in fiber and low in fat and calories. Focus on fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • you’re planning to get pregnant, losing extra weight beforehand may help you have a healthier pregnancy.
  • Testing your blood glucose levels at home at specific times or after meals will be recommended to determine if your glucose levels are within acceptable limits.
  • Regular exercise or Yoga can also contribute to tight glucose control.
  • alcohol can lead to serious lifelong health problems for your baby


  • drinking enough water may help you keep your blood sugar levels within healthy limits.
  • One study showed that exercise, yoga , relaxation, and meditation significantly reduced stress and lowered blood sugar levels for a pregnant lady
  • most ladies focus on avoiding sweet food and uptake healthy, however, they forget to control their uptake habits.
  • Irregular eating is thought to be one of the largest causes that trigger gestational diabetes
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